In an interview with Dr Ali Al Bayati, former member of Iraqi human rights Commision at Al Taghier TV on parliamentary proposal to reconsider the investigation and trials in some cases, he commented the following points:
Law enforcement institutions are part of the whole system which is acaused by corruption and abuses and therefore cannot be exonerated.
Iraq has gone through frequent crises, and at each one there was massive violations and trials without guarantees and doubtful criminal justice.
The principle of punishment for the perpetrators has replaced now and there is a need to add the rehabilitation, especially those who we expect that one day he will go out to the community where he must be reformed in order to integrate into society as a good person , unlike what is happening in Iraq, where some detention centers and prisons have turned into re-recruitment centers.
The Anti-Terrorism Law was enacted in order to protect the political system, and it should be amended , and priority should be given to the higher suspects in the terrorist system, not simple and small tools.
Any proposal to reconsider the justice system should not be a tool only to acquit some perpetrators, who were the heads of corrupt and crimes for political interests without reconsidering the whole system.
In a hosting by Al-Hurra Iraq TV for the former member of High Commission for Human Rights, Dr. Ali Al-Bayati to speak about child labor in the liberated territories in Iraq, Al-Bayati indicated that “the survey conducted by Iraqi government with international organizations indicate that 4.8% of Iraqi children are in the labor market.” .
In his conversation with Al-Hurra, the former member of the Commission stressed that “the risk of child labor lies in its direct relationship with human trafficking crimes, such as forced labor, forced begging, sexual exploitation and prostitution.”
Al-Bayati also mentioned in the context of his speech, “The most important cause of child labor is the economic factor, as the poverty rate in some governorates has reached 50%, displacement, where more than a million people are still displaced and they are still living outside thier toriginal residence, and there are approximately 2.6 million children in need of humanitarian assistance, family’s loss of the breadwinner, especially in the liberated areas, and non attendanceto schools due to displacement as well, or the poor performance of the educational institution or its unavailability, where 1.3 million children are out of education system.”
Regarding possible solutions, Dr. Ali Al-Bayati explained in the interview, “There is a need to activate laws, not be satisfied with only committees, and arrange special programs to monitor the labor market, prevent exploitation, punish perpetrators, address the problem of poverty, prepare an alternative for families on the economic problem, and social programs to rehabilitate and protect children, follow up on their commitment to schools and encourage this and provide all requirements while addressing the problem of poor performance of the educational institution.
Criminals or victims? “Crystal meth” is the most popular substance in Iraq, in addition to other narcotic substances and psychotropic substances, including hashish and Captagon, which is locally called “0-1”, as these substances are frequently used among young people, especially the age groups between 17 and 35 years. According to the Iraqi Human Rights Commission.
The penalties for drug trafficking in Iraqi law reach to death sentence. As for those abusing these substances, the penalties amount to imprisonment for a period of not less than one year and not exceeding three years, and a fine of not less than five million dinars and not more than ten million. Instead of imposing the penalty stipulated in the law, the court may place someone who is proven addicted to medical institutions or visit psychosocial clinics.
Despite the law giving the courts the right to abolish punishment and replace it with detention in clinics, the Human Rights Commission stated that a number of drug users are afraid to surrender themselves as a result of the necessity to pass the legal procedures.
A member of the Human Rights Commission, Ali Al-Bayati, says that “the treatment of drug users can only be done through their passage to the security authorities,” indicating that “dealing with drug users as criminals and not victims, represents one of the biggest obstacles for them to review rehabilitation clinics for fear of legal punishment.” .
Al-Bayati reveals that “in one of the remote psychotherapy campaigns run by the Commission, 1,400 people beneficiaries participated, among whom about 100 drug abusers needed treatment, but they were concealing their condition for fear of legal penalties,” stressing the need to change the law, which he described as “wrong.” “.
Link to domestic violence and suicide Cases of domestic violence have increased dramatically in Iraq during the current year, especially with the failure to enact a law to curb it and the reluctance of political blocs to pass the law. Observers and researchers link the increase in violence and domestic crimes to the widespread use of narcotic substances, as it was common more than once that family murders were linked to drug abuse, the last of which was the killing of two young women by their brother in Baghdad days ago.
In this regard, Al-Bayati explains that “through the information received by us from the investigations into these crimes, it became clear that several perpetrators were under the influence of narcotic substances.” He points out that “a number of suicides, which have increased in recent years, are also related to drug use.” Despite the wide spread of drugs in Iraq, the government agencies involved in this file do not show interest commensurate with the scale of the disaster, according to Al-Bayati, who points out that “the drug abuse file in Iraq has become more dangerous than the terrorism file.” He confirms that there is another problem related to “the contribution of some pharmacies in promoting prohibited and narcotic substances due to weak government control,” indicating that “Iraq is no longer an importer or a conduit for drugs, but rather has become a producer of many of them.” The Commission had announced earlier that the number of people arrested and convicted in cases of drug trafficking and abuse for the year 2018 amounted to 9,328, and in 2019 it recorded 6,407 cases. While their number from the beginning of the current year 2020 until the first of September reached 4,594 excluding Kurdistan region.
“Family problems and economic reasons, in addition to psychological pressures recently due to the coronavirus pandemic, have all led to an increase in suicide rates and suicide attempts in Iraq,” Dr Ali Al-Bayati, a member of the High Commission for Human Rights told The New Arab.
“Also, the lack of interest in mental health and a lack of planning by the government to deal with this problem has led to an increase in cases of psychological problems that can contribute to suicide,” he added.
Ali Al Bayati, a member of the Iraqi High Commission told The National that in recent months there has been an increase in the level of female suicides that is linked to domestic violence especially after a high percentage of women have reported such cases.
One in five Iraqi women has experienced physical violence, according to a survey conducted by the health ministry in 2007.
The first draft of the stalled domestic violence bill was amended after being rejected in 2015 by conservative members of the previous parliament who said it infringed on Islamic values.
The domestic violence bill stalled again last year and again this year when the previous governments resigned, leaving legislation in limbo.
“The draft law has not passed because of the lack of awareness about the importance of such a bill and not giving it the priority in the legislative work,” Mr Al Bayati said.
The total casualties in the three days of protest in Baghdad, Karbala and Babel are 242, of those are 46 protesters,” Ali Al Bayati, a member of the Iraqi High Commission of Human Rights, told The National.
The high amount of injuries was a result of violence conducted by “saboteurs who used molotov and stones” in response to tear gas, hot water and rubber bullets being fired at them by the Iraqi security forces, he said.
Yesterday , Wednesday, (November 14, 2020), the Commission for Human Rights announced that the acting governor of Kirkuk, Rakan Saeed Al-Jubouri, filed a lawsuit against the commission’s office in Kirkuk for the second time.
A member of the commission, Ali Al-Bayati, told media agencies in a press statement that for the second time, the acting governor of Kirkuk filing a law suit against the commission’s office in Kirkuk, noting that the law confirms that the commission’s work is monitoring of the governments , and it works according to known monitoring procedures, and then submits reports to Parliament and international bodies.
He explained that a year and a half ago, regarding monitoring the attempt by security forces to attack citizens, the acting governor filed a lawsuit against the office of the commission, but it is neglected, and the second lawsuit was about two months ago, related to the quarantined travel returnees in an unsuitable place.
Al-Bayati added that our office has a visit to the location of quarantine and confirmed that it was not appropriate, and the Parliamentary Human Rights Committee which was there too confirmed that , and as a result the place of quarantine was changed to a better one, but the commission was surprised by a letter from the governor to integrity commission in the province, accusing the office of IHCHR in creating chaos.
He pointed out that the case was referred to integrity, knowing that it is not within its jurisdiction, indicating that today the director of the Office of the High Commissioner was brought in based on the case, and he was referred to the judge, who decided to release him on bail.
Al-Bayati saw that the Human Rights Commission’s law makes the commission an observer of the government, but the reality says that the government is the one who possesses the “real power” and that it can throw the commission’s staff to prison if it performs its work, pointing out that the developments in the lawsuit filed by the acting governor of Kirkuk against the director of the IHCHR office in Kirkuk, “the best proof” of that.