Member of the Iraqi High Commission For Human Rights, Ali al-Bayati criticized how authorities have handled the crime.
In remarks to Asharq Al-Awsat, he pointed to the contradictory testimonies, saying they reflect a major weakness in intelligence information.
He accused the security forces of failing to protect civilians as they attempted to arrest a wanted suspect.
“Arresting a suspect does not mean risking the lives of other citizens,” he stated.
He added that High Commission has repeatedly called for the formation of a committee that could train members of the security forces on how to properly deal with suspects and citizens alike.
The main article in Asharq Al-Awsat
Criminals or victims?
“Crystal meth” is the most popular substance in Iraq, in addition to other narcotic substances and psychotropic substances, including hashish and Captagon, which is locally called “0-1”, as these substances are frequently used among young people, especially the age groups between 17 and 35 years. According to the Iraqi Human Rights Commission.
The penalties for drug trafficking in Iraqi law reach to death sentence. As for those abusing these substances, the penalties amount to imprisonment for a period of not less than one year and not exceeding three years, and a fine of not less than five million dinars and not more than ten million. Instead of imposing the penalty stipulated in the law, the court may place someone who is proven addicted to medical institutions or visit psychosocial clinics.
Despite the law giving the courts the right to abolish punishment and replace it with detention in clinics, the Human Rights Commission stated that a number of drug users are afraid to surrender themselves as a result of the necessity to pass the legal procedures.
A member of the Human Rights Commission, Ali Al-Bayati, says that “the treatment of drug users can only be done through their passage to the security authorities,” indicating that “dealing with drug users as criminals and not victims, represents one of the biggest obstacles for them to review rehabilitation clinics for fear of legal punishment.” .
Al-Bayati reveals that “in one of the remote psychotherapy campaigns run by the Commission, 1,400 people beneficiaries participated, among whom about 100 drug abusers needed treatment, but they were concealing their condition for fear of legal penalties,” stressing the need to change the law, which he described as “wrong.” “.
Link to domestic violence and suicide
Cases of domestic violence have increased dramatically in Iraq during the current year, especially with the failure to enact a law to curb it and the reluctance of political blocs to pass the law.
Observers and researchers link the increase in violence and domestic crimes to the widespread use of narcotic substances, as it was common more than once that family murders were linked to drug abuse, the last of which was the killing of two young women by their brother in Baghdad days ago.
In this regard, Al-Bayati explains that “through the information received by us from the investigations into these crimes, it became clear that several perpetrators were under the influence of narcotic substances.”
He points out that “a number of suicides, which have increased in recent years, are also related to drug use.”
Despite the wide spread of drugs in Iraq, the government agencies involved in this file do not show interest commensurate with the scale of the disaster, according to Al-Bayati, who points out that “the drug abuse file in Iraq has become more dangerous than the terrorism file.”
He confirms that there is another problem related to “the contribution of some pharmacies in promoting prohibited and narcotic substances due to weak government control,” indicating that “Iraq is no longer an importer or a conduit for drugs, but rather has become a producer of many of them.”
The Commission had announced earlier that the number of people arrested and convicted in cases of drug trafficking and abuse for the year 2018 amounted to 9,328, and in 2019 it recorded 6,407 cases. While their number from the beginning of the current year 2020 until the first of September reached 4,594 excluding Kurdistan region.
The original article
- Ali Al-Bayati, a member of Human Rights Commission, to Al Ahd TV: The commission was not allowed to visit the detainees who have been charged of corruption.
- Torture of detainees is not new in Iraq and there is an absence of guarantees during the pretrial investigation.
- Any person charged of corruption or other cases must be arrested according to judicial warrants.
- The Commission has received many complaints from families of detainees accused by different charges.
“Family problems and economic reasons, in addition to psychological pressures recently due to the coronavirus pandemic, have all led to an increase in suicide rates and suicide attempts in Iraq,” Dr Ali Al-Bayati, a member of the High Commission for Human Rights told The New Arab.
“Also, the lack of interest in mental health and a lack of planning by the government to deal with this problem has led to an increase in cases of psychological problems that can contribute to suicide,” he added.
The original report
Ali Al Bayati, a member of the Iraqi High Commission told The National that in recent months there has been an increase in the level of female suicides that is linked to domestic violence especially after a high percentage of women have reported such cases.
One in five Iraqi women has experienced physical violence, according to a survey conducted by the health ministry in 2007.
The first draft of the stalled domestic violence bill was amended after being rejected in 2015 by conservative members of the previous parliament who said it infringed on Islamic values.
The domestic violence bill stalled again last year and again this year when the previous governments resigned, leaving legislation in limbo.
“The draft law has not passed because of the lack of awareness about the importance of such a bill and not giving it the priority in the legislative work,” Mr Al Bayati said.
The original article
The total casualties in the three days of protest in Baghdad, Karbala and Babel are 242, of those are 46 protesters,” Ali Al Bayati, a member of the Iraqi High Commission of Human Rights, told The National.
The high amount of injuries was a result of violence conducted by “saboteurs who used molotov and stones” in response to tear gas, hot water and rubber bullets being fired at them by the Iraqi security forces, he said.
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Read the report
Yesterday , Wednesday, (November 14, 2020), the Commission for Human Rights announced that the acting governor of Kirkuk, Rakan Saeed Al-Jubouri, filed a lawsuit against the commission’s office in Kirkuk for the second time.
A member of the commission, Ali Al-Bayati, told media agencies in a press statement that for the second time, the acting governor of Kirkuk filing a law suit against the commission’s office in Kirkuk, noting that the law confirms that the commission’s work is monitoring of the governments , and it works according to known monitoring procedures, and then submits reports to Parliament and international bodies.
He explained that a year and a half ago, regarding monitoring the attempt by security forces to attack citizens, the acting governor filed a lawsuit against the office of the commission, but it is neglected, and the second lawsuit was about two months ago, related to the quarantined travel returnees in an unsuitable place.
Al-Bayati added that our office has a visit to the location of quarantine and confirmed that it was not appropriate, and the Parliamentary Human Rights Committee which was there too confirmed that , and as a result the place of quarantine was changed to a better one, but the commission was surprised by a letter from the governor to integrity commission in the province, accusing the office of IHCHR in creating chaos.
He pointed out that the case was referred to integrity, knowing that it is not within its jurisdiction, indicating that today the director of the Office of the High Commissioner was brought in based on the case, and he was referred to the judge, who decided to release him on bail.
Al-Bayati saw that the Human Rights Commission’s law makes the commission an observer of the government, but the reality says that the government is the one who possesses the “real power” and that it can throw the commission’s staff to prison if it performs its work, pointing out that the developments in the lawsuit filed by the acting governor of Kirkuk against the director of the IHCHR office in Kirkuk, “the best proof” of that.
A member of the Human Rights Commission, Ali Al-Bayati, on the decisions taken by the Iraqi government regarding Sinjar, said, “The federal government must review itself when making any decision regarding the disputed territories between Baghdad and Erbil and return to before 2014.
Al-Bayati added through a tweet on his personal account on Twitter, “The government should not repeat the same mistakes because they were great and the price was exorbitant for small communities exclusively.”
The pilgrimage is a key part of religious and social public rights of Iraqis, Ali Al Bayati, a member of the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights, said.
“The citizen must adhere to the instructions laid down by the authorities supervising the pilgrimage. Security officials must also understand the difficult conditions in which people are in such as fear of catching coronavirus,” Mr Al Bayati said.
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